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Upper Valley Orthopaedics
  • Foot & Ankle

    Foot & Anlke

  • Knee Surgery

    Knee Surgery

  • Hip Surgery

    Hip Surgery

  • Hand & Wrist

    Hand & Wrist

  • Shoulder & Elbow

    Shoulder & Elbow

  • Sports Medicine

    Sports Medicine

Knee

Knee Anatomy :: Knee Arthroscopy
Total Knee Replacement :: ACL Reconstruction
Uniknee Replacement :: Revision Knee Replacement

Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint

How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.

Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.

The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

For more information about Knee Arthroscopy click on below tabs.

Total Knee Replacement

A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prostheses’.

For more information about Total Knee Replacement click on below tabs.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the centre of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn’t heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.

ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incisions and low complication rates.

ACL Reconstruction Hamstring Tendon

ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon

Uni Condylar Knee Replacement

This simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often only one of these compartments wears out, usually the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this then you may be suitable for this procedure.

For more information about Unicondylar Knee Replacement click on below tabs.

Revision Knee Replacement

This means that part or all of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from very minor adjustments to massive operations replacing significant amounts of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.

For more information about Revision Knee Replacement click on below tabs.

Please use the links below to get more information from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:

Broken Bones and Injury

Fractures

Tears and Instability

Pain Syndromes

Diseases and Syndromes

Arthritis

Pain Syndromes

Treatment and Rehabilitation

Joint Replacement

Nonsurgical Treatment

Arthroscopy and Reconstruction

Considerations

Postoperative Care